Since the December outbreak in Wuhan, China, the new coronavirus has spread rapidly, with more than 823,000 confirmed cases in 205 countries as of early April.
According to the Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC), as of 30th April 2020, there are a total of 1932 confirmed cases of COVID 19 in Nigeria. As with any virus, however, there are simple steps you can take to protect yourself.
The symptoms of infection for the new coronavirus are often similar to those of other respiratory virus infections, such as the flu. Symptoms can include fever, dry cough, or shortness of breath. Most people will only have mild symptoms, but some can become very sick.
If you think you may have been exposed to a person with COVID-19 and have symptoms, before going to a hospital, call the NCDC toll-free number (0800 9700 0010) ahead and tell them about your symptoms and travel history. Avoid contact with others and wear a face mask if you need to leave your home when you are sick.
Preventative measures should be the first line of defense. The best way to protect yourself from COVID-19 is to practice good hygiene and to make the following NCDC recommendations part of your routine:
The NCDC recommends maintaining a distance of approximately 6 feet ( about the length of a door) from others in public places since respiratory droplets produced by coughing or sneezing does not travel more than 6 feet.
While at home, remind everyone to practice everyday preventive actions – such as washing hands and wiping down surfaces – to help reduce the risk of getting sick.
If you are symptomatic and have tested positive for COVID-19 but do not require hospitalization, you should stay in a specific room and away from other people in your home as much as possible and use a separate bathroom, if available.
The things you should do to protect yourself from the coronavirus are things you should do every day. The no. 1 thing you can do to prevent any respiratory illness is to practice good personal hygiene.
Washing your hands correctly — using soap and water and washing for at least 20 seconds — or using hand sanitizer when soap and water aren’t available, still stands as the best way to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, according to the NCDC.
The NCDC, The World Health Organisation (WHO), governments and healthcare workers are all urging people to stay home. Obviously, some people don’t have the luxury of working from home, and people still need to venture out to grocery stores and gas stations. But when you can stay home, do so to flatten the curve.